Can game theory illuminate the options in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict? The author, a former neurosurgeon, examines the most intractable conflict in the world through the lens of game theory, a mathematical approach to decision-making. The Zionist dream, to create a Jewish state with a Jewish majority in the whole Palestine, is no longer tenable. But neither is two states for two peoples. What options are left, then? The only thing that’s for certain is that both sides must find a way to live together.